1935 – 1939: Emigration of Jewish families to the U.S.A

1935 – 1939: Emigration of Jewish families to the U.S.A

The Nazis persecuted, discriminating every where the Jews. By the economic boycott their existence was withdrawn; The hate was unbearable, so in 1935 began the emigration of the Jews from Kibo. In 1925, when 75 Jews lived in Kibo, 64 Jews emigrated in the years 1935-1939. The remaining 11 Jewish fellow citizens were condemned by the Nazi criminals, kidnapped to the Nazi-Camp Gurs in Southern France, and later on brought to the Nazi KZ- Camp Auschwitz, except for Carl. The following list of emigrants is by Britta Lehna,

Die Nazis verfolgten, diskriminierten überall die Juden. Durch den wirtschaftlichen Boykott wurde den meisten der Boden unter den Füßen entzogen, Der allgemeine Hass war unerträglich geworden, Deshalb begann in 1935 die Auswanderung der Juden aus Kibo. Lebten in 1925 noch 75 Juden in Kibo, so wanderten 64 Juden in den Jahren 1935 – 1939 aus. Die restlichen 11 jüdischen Mitbürger wurden von den Nazi-Verbrechern kassiert, nach Gurs verschleppt und bis auf Carl in Ausschwitz umgebracht. Die nachstehende Auswanderungsliste stammt von Britta Lehna, a.a.O. S. 54 ff. Bei der Durchsicht der Makler-Unterlagen fand der Autor nur 2  Grundstücks-Verkaufsaktionen jüdischer Besitzer.

July 2nd 1935: Family Max Goldschmidt, they had a cinema in the Edenborner Street. Also a textileshop in “Vorstadt”

Nov. 1935: Mrs. Luise Cilli Decker, daughter of Elvira Decker emigrated to Cleveland, U.S.A.

Dec. 9th 1935: family Julius & Else Gutheim, business man in the Schloss Street, with their two daughters Doris & Ellen Gutheim, emigrated to New York

May 31th 1936: Gertrud Strauß to Lawrence U.S.A.

July 15th 1936: Elvira Decker with her daughter Ilse Mathilde Decker, moved to Cleveland, U.S.A. followed Luise Cilli Decker, who emigrated in Nov. 1935,

August 14th 1936: the families Klein & Moritz Löw (shoe dealer in the Allee Street) moved first to Mannheim with their children Ernst, Fritz, Kurt, later on into the U.S.A. Ernst Löw went first to Israel, in 1938 to USA

26.9.1936 verkaufte Henrietta Strauß ihr Pflanzstück in den Kappesgärten für 300 Mark an  Georg Gerhadr.

13.2.1937 verkaufte Joseph Decker seine Lagerhaus am Bahnhof für 18.50 Mark  an einen NN, Angestellten.

May 15th 1937: the family Jacob & Henrietta Strauß, grain traders in the Bahnhof Street, emigrated with their 2 children Helmut and Margret to  Monroe, Louisiana, USA With them was their clerk & relative Therese Strauß. On Spte 25th 1936 Henrietta Strauß had sold her garten in “Kappesgarten” for 5.000 Mark to Georg Gerhardt. . The real estate agent got 300 Mark Porvision. 

May 30th 1937: Fritz Metzger to New York

Dec.20th 1937: family Isaak Decker, with wife Emma, and the daughters Ilse & Lillie to Chicago, U.S.A. To finance the emigration, he sold on febr. 13th 1937 just in time his storage house closeto the mainstation  for 12.500 Mark to one of his clerk. the real estate agent was joh. Deubel.

30.5.1938 Carola Metzger emigrated to America. She moved to New York

1938: Leo und Berta Metzger, they had a butcher´s shop in the Holzgasse, they moved to Mutterstadt, In November 1938 Leo Metzger got prisoner in the KZ Dachau, In 1940 the Nazis brought him to Gurs/ Southern France, where he met his wife. Both could escape and with the help of French resistance fighters they came into Switzerland. After the war, they arrived New York, where their children Fritz und Carola lived

June 25th 1938: the two sisters Emilia & Greta Stern emigrated to New York;

Nov 21th 1938: Bella Stern emigrate to America, where her daughters already lived

1939 gelang noch rechtzeitig die Flucht des Ehepaars Wilhelmina und Joseph Nachmann in die USA

10.7.1939 auf den letzten Drücker verließ Barbara Emilia Strauß Deutschland in Richtung New Yoirk.